Meniscus TearSummary & Treatment
What is the Meniscus?
- The menisci are two pads of cartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between the lower leg (tibia) and the thigh (femur).
- The knee contains a lateral meniscus and a medial meniscus.
- Both are cartilaginous tissues that provide structural integrity to the knee when it undergoes tension and torsion.
What Does It Do?
- Shock Absorption
- The menisci act to disperse the weight of the body and reduce friction during movement.
- Since the ends of the thigh bone and shin bone meet at one point (which changes during flexion and extension), the menisci spread the load of the body’s weight.
- This protects the integrity of the articular cartilage of the knee joint.
- Torn or worn away from overuse, age, or injury.
- Common in sports such as soccer & basketball.
- Commonly related to anterior cruciate ligament injuries of the knee.
- The knee will be in pain when in use.
- But when there is no load, the pain goes away.
- Some meniscal tears can cause jamming or locking of the knee.
- Observation / physiotherapy
- Arthroscopic menisectomy
- Partial or total
- Arthroscopic meniscus repair
- Suitable for partial thickness tears
- Small tears close to capsule
- possible to heal on its own